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argireline
where botox injections target specific muscles, argireline targets the entire face. this may actually increase facial sag because the neurotransmitters this drug inhibits are what's maintaining facial firmness
alcohol denat.
(denatured alcohol)
 
denatured by petrochemical by-product. can cause systemic eczematous contact dermatitis & chemical sensitivities. our alcohol is a special grade denatured with lavender oil
aluminum
a metal that can lead to alzheimer's, breast cancer & lung disease
ammonium
a toxic carcinogenic chemical that can cause irritation to nose, eyes & lungs
arsenic
arsenic isn’t just for murder mysteries anymore. in fact, this toxin is lurking in your food and drinking water. if you eat enough of it, arsenic will kill you outright. in smaller amounts, arsenic can cause skin, bladder and lung cancer. basically, bad news. less well known: arsenic messes with your hormones! specifically, it can interfere with normal hormone functioning in the glucocorticoid system that regulates how our bodies process sugars and carbohydrates. what does that mean for you? well, disrupting the glucocorticoid system has been linked to weight gain/loss, protein wasting, immunosuppression, insulin resistance (which can lead to diabetes), osteoporosis, growth retardation and high blood pressure. how to avoid it? reduce your exposure by using a water filter that lowers arsenic levels. For help finding a good water filter, check out ewg’s buying guide: www.ewg.org/report/ewgs-water-filter-buying-guide/
atrazine
what happens when you introduce highly toxic chemicals into nature and turn your back? for one thing, feminization of male frogs. that’s right, researchers have found that exposure to even low levels of the herbicide atrazine can turn male frogs into females that produce completely viable eggs. atrazine is widely used on the majority of corn crops in the United States, and consequently it’s a pervasive drinking water contaminant. atrazine has been linked to breast tumors, delayed puberty and prostate inflammation in animals, and some research has linked it to prostate cancer in people. how to avoid it? buy organic produce and get a drinking water filter certified to remove atrazine. for help finding a suitable filter, check out ewg's buying guide: www.ewg.org/report/ewgs-water-filter-buying-guide/
benzoyl peroxide
chemical bleaching agent used to treat blemishes. found in bar soap, facial cleansers, hair dyes & food additives; highly toxic & irritating to the skin
bha & bht
carcinogenic preservatives that encourage the breakdown of vitamins such as vitamin d, can cause lipid & cholesterol levels to increase
bismuth oxychloride
a synthetically prepared crystalline powder used in cosmetics as a filler & to bind the other ingredients, the powder has to be forced into the pores, resulting in clogged pores or irritated skin
bone black
(d&c black #3)
the fda determined that the color additive used in face powder, eye shadow & mascara safe despite noted low levels of potentially carcinogenic impurities present
bpa
some may say that imitation is the sincerest form of flattery, but do you really want a chemical used in plastics imitating the sex hormone estrogen in your body? no! unfortunately, this synthetic hormone can trick the body into thinking it’s the real thing – and the results aren’t pretty. bpa has been linked to everything from breast and others cancers to reproductive problems, obesity, early puberty and heart disease, and according to government tests, 93 percent of americans have bpa in their bodies! how to avoid it? go fresh instead of canned – many food cans are lined with bpa – or research which companies don’t use bpa or similar chemicals in their products. say no to receipts, since thermal paper is often coated with bpa. and avoid plastics marked with a “PC,” for polycarbonate, or recycling label #7. not all of these plastics contain bpa, but many do – and it’s better safe than sorry when it comes to keeping synthetic hormones out of your body. for more tips, check out: www.ewg.org/bpa/
carboxymethyl cellulose
(cellulose gum)
used in cosmetics as a thickening agent, carcinogenic, inhalation could cause chemical pneumonitis
coal tar & lake dyes
look for cade tar or pine tar instead, low-level exposure is linked to cancer, allergic reactions, nausea, fatigue & skin problems
colorants (fd&c & other
coal tar dyes)
carcinogens, topical irritants, may cause blemishing & skin irritations, may contain aluminum, have caused tumors in rats, low-level exposure is linked to cancer
cocamidopropyl betaine
contains a significant petroleum component & can cause serious irritation & allergenic response
dea
cocamide dea, Lauramide dea, Linoleamide dea, oleamide dea ndea (n-nitrosodiethanolamine); forms when dea reacts with nitrosating agents or the actual addition of nitrite as a preservative. as there is no way to determine if ndea has been formed, it is imperative to avoid all products containing DEA as it is a known carcinogen. often used in cosmetics to adjust the ph, and used with many fatty acids to convert acid to salt (stearate), which then becomes the base for a cleanser
dimethicone (& other
methicone ingredients)
silicone emollient used in cosmetics which coats the skin & does not allow toxins out, may promote tumors and accumulate in the liver and lymph nodes
dioxin
dioxins are multi-taskers… but not in a good way! they form during many industrial processes when chlorine or bromine are burned in the presence of carbon and oxygen. dioxins can disrupt the delicate ways that both male and female sex hormone signaling occurs in the body. this is a bad thing! Here’s why: Recent research has shown that exposure to low levels of dioxin in the womb and early in life can both permanently affect sperm quality and lower the sperm count in men during their prime reproductive years. but that’s not all! dioxins are very long-lived, build up both in the body and in the food chain, are powerful carcinogens and can also affect the immune and reproductive systems. how to avoid it? that’s pretty difficult, since the ongoing industrial release of dioxin has meant that the American food supply is widely contaminated. products including meat, fish, milk, eggs and butter are most likely to be contaminated, but you can cut down on your exposure by eating fewer animal products.
dmae
dimethylamineothanol
marketed as "face lift in a bottle", however, what it does is temporarily paralyze the small muscles of the face, making it seem like wrinkles are less visible, no long term results of application are yet known
emulsifying waxes
(& the "fatty acids")
could be vegetable or petroleum based, combination of cetearyl alcohol, polysorbate 60, peg-150 stearate, & steareth-20, could cause endocrine disruption, developmental/reproductive toxicity & skin irritation
fire retardants
what do breast milk and polar bears have in common? in 1999, some Swedish scientists studying women’s breast milk discovered something totally unexpected: the milk contained an endocrine-disrupting chemical found in fire retardants, and the levels had been doubling every five years since 1972! these incredibly persistent chemicals, known as polybrominated diphenyl ethers or pbdes, have since been found to contaminate the bodies of people and wildlife around the globe – even polar bears. these chemicals can imitate thyroid hormones in our bodies and disrupt their activity. that can lead to lower iq, among other significant health effects. While several kinds of pbdes have now been phased out, this doesn’t mean that toxic fire retardants have gone away. pbdes are incredibly persistent, so they’re going to be contaminating people and wildlife for decades to come. how to avoid it? it’s virtually impossible, but passing better toxic chemical laws that require chemicals to be tested before they go on the market would help reduce our exposure. a few things that can you can do in the meantime include: use a vacuum cleaner with a hepa filter, which can cut down on toxic-laden house dust; avoid reupholstering foam furniture; take care when replacing old carpet (the padding underneath may contain pbdes). find more tips at: www.ewg.org/pbdefree/
formaldehyde
highly toxic gas, suspected carcinogen & neurotoxin; may be fatal if swallowed, absorbed through skin, or inhaled
fragrance
highly allergenic, contains large quantities of toxins & chemicals not disclosed. fragrance-free means that fragrance chemicals have been added to the product to mask the natural aromas of the ingredients
glycerin
look for vegetable glycerin, glycerin without the vegetable qualifier usually means petrochemical
glycerol stearate
fatty acid primarily derived from animal fat & used as an emollient; linked to the creation of free radicals & prostaglandin inhibitors; can be a skin irritant, carcinogenic, & comedogenic
glycol ethers
shrunken testicles: do we have your full attention now? this is one thing that can happen to rats exposed to chemicals called glycol ethers, which are common solvents in paints, cleaning products, brake fluid and cosmetics. worried? you should be. the european union says that some of these chemicals “may damage fertility or the unborn child.” studies of painters have linked exposure to certain glycol ethers to blood abnormalities and lower sperm counts. and children who were exposed to glycol ethers from paint in their bedrooms had substantially more asthma and allergies.
gmo/genetically
modified organism
when animals are force-fed gmos, they develop stomach lesions and malformations of organs. gmo food is not labeled as such in the U.S. due to the lack of testing, but almost all other countries have banned the use of gmo in food and body products
grapefruit seed extract
synthetic preservatives triclosan, methyparaben & benzethonium chloride are usually added to preserve, however, companies do not have to list this ingredient since it is contained within the extract
hexane
very toxic solvent used to extract essential oils & botanicals
hydroabietyl alcohol
found in styling gel/lotions. unsafe for use in cosmetics
hydroquinone
toxic, irritant, banned in europe, can cause hyper-pigmentation, skin bleacher
imidazolidinyl urea
strong irritant, releases formaldehyde, toxic